Website Coding 101: Full Stack Frameworks

Last in the series of our coding 101 blogs is on the almighty full stack web frameworks. These powerful tools can handle everything you need to build a complete website or web application; from scratch to deployment. It is sometime referred to as backend or server-side frameworks, as you can work in conjunction with a […]

Last in the series of our coding 101 blogs is on the almighty full stack web frameworks.

These powerful tools can handle everything you need to build a complete website or web application; from scratch to deployment. It is sometime referred to as backend or server-side frameworks, as you can work in conjunction with a frontend framework, for example Laravel for the backend and AngularJS for the frontend.

Let’s look at some industry favourites and noteworthy full stack frameworks.

FullStack-Diagram

 

JavaScript Framework

Node.js

A newer full stack, cross-platform framework for developing server-side and networking applications. Although the initial development was in 2009, stable releases were not available until 2015, and has gained huge popularity since then.

Though .js is the conventional filename extension for JavaScript code, the name “Node.js” does not refer to a particular file in this context and is merely the name of the product.

It is built on Chrome’s V8 which is Google’s open source high-performance JavaScript engine to handle the whole package from HTTP server to templating engine. JavaScript programmers can use Node.js to build real-time web APIs, network programs (like servers), and data-intensive applications. It is a so called runtime environment, allowing developers to test a software program while it’s running in a loop – simulating how the program will behave once it’s been executed, so any bugs or errors can be tracked and fixed.

Big companies like IBM, Microsoft, Netflix, PayPal and LinkedIn have recently switched to adopt Node.js into their back-end infrastructure.

PHP Frameworks

Laravel

Undoubtedly most popular framework among PHP developers. According to its documentation, it is for “web artisans” referring to its carefully crafted components, good programming practices and workflow. Initially released in 2011 to handle common tasks used in the majority of web projects, such as authentication, routing, sessions, and caching.

It is built off Symfony backbone, another PHP framework that’s stable, proven and solid. With excellent community support and easy learning curve this framework proves a great interface to build a complex backend system in the least possible time.

Symfony

It might not be the most trending platform, but it is one of most stable and modular PHP frameworks available to create scalable, high-performance applications. First published as free software in 2005, it is sponsored by SensioLabs, a French software developer and professional services provider.

It fits in well with complex or large-scale enterprise projects. Some popular CMS and E-commerce systems are built with Symfony: Drupal, Joomla, and Magento.

Ruby Framework

Rails

Also known as Ruby on Rails, it is a server-side web application framework designed to work with the Ruby programming language. It facilitates the use of web standards such as JSON or XML for data transfer, and HTML/CSS and JavaScript for display and user interfacing.

It was developed for the project management tool Basecamp and initially released in 2004. It reached its milestone when Apple announced that it would ship Ruby on Rails with Mac OS X released in 2007.

Rails is beginner-friendly since Ruby is relatively easy to learn language; robust, flexible and forgiving. Having said that, Rails is designed with the best practices in mind and is great for rapid prototyping. Web application made by Rails include Basecamp, GitHub, Shopify, Airbnb, SoundCloud, Hulu, Zendesk, and Cookpad.

stack-logos_2

Python Framework

Django

A high-level framework that encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design. It’s strength is in the language it is written in – Python  – a versatile, powerful language used in every field. Django follows a “batteries included” philosophy: simple and flexible to use, has excellent documentation, and all the tools to build 95% of the websites.

It was released publicly in 2005, named after guitarist Django Reinhardt. Some well-known sites that use Django include Pinterest, Instagram, Disqus, Spotify, Washington Post, Firefox, NASA and Bitbucket.

Go Framework

Revel

An emerging high-productivity web framework for the Google’s Go language aka Golang. It is self contained and fully featured out of the box, at the sacrifice of larger code data. It builds on top of the Go HTTP server, which can serve 3 to 10 times as many requests as Rails across a variety of loads. It’s advantage is the Go language itself – very powerful, efficient, and lean language built for the modern web.

 

What our team say

BT_codeig

Senior Full Stack Developer

I worked with Codeigniter, a full stack PHP framework with small footprint to rapidly create dynamic websites. It was a popular choice for small projects before Laravel and WordPress took over. Today I’m only working with WordPress as this bespoken CMS platform is well established and takes away the guesswork of forever-changing framework trends for most projects.

 

 TJ_laravel

Senior Full Stack Developer

Laravel can handle any project size, small to large. It has great flexibility and compatibility working with many frontend frameworks such as Vue.js, React and Bootstrap. Working with full stack framework can significantly speed up development process, allowing us developers to focus on business logic and styling.